Robert Mangold / Works 1965-1992

November 28, 2008 to February 7, 2009

“One point I should make is that throughout the work, I’ve been very much an intuitive artist, I have followed intuitive feelings or hunches. And, in some cases, I do not have a clearly rational justification for the decisions I’ve made.” (Robert Mangold, interview with Rosalind Krauss, Artforum 1974) Making decisions through and with intuition means consciously not wanting to foresee all the eventual outcomes beforehand, accepting a longer or shorter path. The consequences of initial definitions are the catalyst and impetus for the unfolding of pictorial formulations that lend coherence and character to a work cycle. “The art has no ideas, it is the idea.” Back in 1880, Konrad Fiedler conclusively portrayed the circumstance without which modernity would not have been conceivable or, rather, visible. The 'visibility' was a primary goal and content of visual art for him, which is lucidly and convincingly evidenced by the oeuvre of Robert Mangold. With 'expressive movement', Fiedler meant that artistic creation has a special way of bringing together seeing and acting. The successful work of art is the attestation and result of this constellation of visual sense, consciousness and activity that only the artist is able to generate.
Our exhibition enables a necessarily incomplete insight into early and earlier phases of Robert Mangold's rich life's work. Combinations, loops, progress and regress show that new findings result time and again through and from themselves and engender new work complexes.
His artistic career began embedded in the stimulating environment of the 1960s, which can be described in retrospect as the favorable advantage of the historic moment. But Robert Mangold has never followed opportune paths, his vote in favor of painting is a vote against the zeitgeist.
The early years are marked by undertakings that at times resemble investigations, tests conducted on the artistic object. Its object character and reference to fragmented architecture is derived from a visible urban reality. Light modulates the pictorial surface as a light-dark cycle. The alteration of the painting's impact through alterations in the dimensions is pursued with an almost systemic approach. A formalist-reductionist understanding of art is of little interest to Mangold. “I've been more inclined to think about painting as a combination about surface-shape, rather than as object.” (R.M. interview 1974) The combining of pictorial surface and shape, inseparable and yet with discrete effect as two components of the image narrative, is palpable and remains a leitmotif for Mangold up to the present. An aspect of exceptional importance is the introduction of the line as an equal element. It enables an interrelation of opposition and balance that calls on the perception in a perplexing manner. Adding to this are barely visible deviations of the pictorial format. The idea of having works consist of multiple canvasses joined together is an option Mangold will come back to again and again.
From the very beginning, the role of color and paint is significant. It is employed in a wide-ranging and controlled manner. Through the late 1970s, the coloring is restrained, opaque and the application of paint leaves no traces. Then the spectrum expands. The form of the pictorial chassis becomes varied and the paint, always applied with a roller, almost takes on an aspect of dramatic movement.
Finally, the works are dominated by a transparent coat of paint applied in multiple layers, which allows changes in the color during the painting process. The latter remains indispensable for the presence of the work.

Installation views

Robert Mangold / Works 1965-1992

Installation view room 4

Robert Mangold / Works 1965-1992

Installation view room 4

Robert Mangold / Works 1965-1992

Installation view room 2

Robert Mangold / Works 1965-1992

Installation view room 2

Robert Mangold / Works 1965-1992

Installation view room 2

Robert Mangold / Works 1965-1992

Installation view room 2

Robert Mangold / Works 1965-1992

Installation view room 2

Robert Mangold / Works 1965-1992

Installation view room 3

Robert Mangold / Works 1965-1992

Installation view room 3

Robert Mangold / Works 1965-1992

Installation view room 4

Robert Mangold / Works 1965-1992

Installation view room 4

Robert Mangold / Works 1965-1992

Installation view room 4

Robert Mangold / Works 1965-1992

Installation view room 4

Robert Mangold / Works 1965-1992

Installation view room 4

Works

Robert Mangold / Sketch for Pink Area  1965  24.4 x 24.4 cm 9.625 x 9.625 " Paint on aluminim with plywood back

Sketch for Pink Area
1965
24.4 x 24.4 cm
9.625 x 9.625 "
Paint on aluminim with plywood back

Robert Mangold / Manila Area  1966  122 x 122 cm  /  48 x 48 " oil and pencil on masonite

Manila Area
1966
122 x 122 cm  /  48 x 48 "
oil and pencil on masonite

Robert Mangold / Curved Area (15 Variations) 1968  35.5 x 21.5 cm Bleistift auf gelbem Papier

Curved Area (15 Variations)
1968
35.5 x 21.5 cm
Bleistift auf gelbem Papier

Robert Mangold / Distorted Ellipse / Rectangle  1972  38.3 x 45.5 cm acrylic and pencil on paper

Distorted Ellipse / Rectangle
1972
38.3 x 45.5 cm
acrylic and pencil on paper

Robert Mangold / Untitled  1991  21.7 x 16.5 cm ink and crayon on paper

Untitled
1991
21.7 x 16.5 cm
ink and crayon on paper

Robert Mangold / Untitled  1990  21.6 x 28 cm ink and crayon on paper

Untitled
1990
21.6 x 28 cm
ink and crayon on paper

Robert Mangold / Untitled  1989  21.6 x 28 cm ink and crayon on paper

Untitled
1989
21.6 x 28 cm
ink and crayon on paper

Robert Mangold / Untitled  1987  16 x 22.5 cm ink and crayon on paper

Untitled
1987
16 x 22.5 cm
ink and crayon on paper

Robert Mangold / Untitled  1990  16.9 x 12 cm ink and crayon on paper

Untitled
1990
16.9 x 12 cm
ink and crayon on paper

Robert Mangold / Untitled  1989  21.6 x 28 cm ink and crayon on paper

Untitled
1989
21.6 x 28 cm
ink and crayon on paper

Robert Mangold / Untitled (for Annemarie Verna Gallery)  1981  27.8 x 34.7 cm pencil and ballpoint pen on paper

Untitled
(for Annemarie Verna Gallery)

1981
27.8 x 34.7 cm
pencil and ballpoint pen on paper

Robert Mangold / Untitled  1983  28 x 35.6 cm ink and crayon on paper

Untitled
1983
28 x 35.6 cm
ink and crayon on paper

Robert Mangold / Untitled  1983  28 x 35.6 cm ink and crayon on paper

Untitled
1983
28 x 35.6 cm
ink and crayon on paper

Robert Mangold / 88“ X Perimeter Series  1969 three sheets, each 76 x 55.6 cm pencil on paper

88“ X Perimeter Series
1969
three sheets, each
76 x 55.6 cm
pencil on paper

Robert Mangold / 88" X Perimeter Series  1969 three sheets, each 76 x 55.6 cm pencil on paper

88" X Perimeter Series
1969
three sheets, each
76 x 55.6 cm
pencil on paper

Robert Mangold / Four Color Frame Painting #17  1985  111.76 x 78.74 cm  /  44 x 31 " Acrylic and black pencil on paper

Four Color Frame Painting #17
1985
111.76 x 78.74 cm  /  44 x 31 "
Acrylic and black pencil on paper

Robert Mangold / Plane/Figure  1992  105.4 x 148.6 cm  /  41.5 x 58.5 " graphite on paper

Plane/Figure
1992
105.4 x 148.6 cm  /  41.5 x 58.5 "
graphite on paper

Robert Mangold / Portfolio of 7 aquatints  1973  68.4 x 56.3 cm  /  36 x 36.75 " aquatint Ed. 21/50; #1

Portfolio of 7 aquatints
1973
68.4 x 56.3 cm  /  36 x 36.75 "
aquatint
Ed. 21/50; #1

Robert Mangold / Portfolio of 7 aquatints  1973  68.4 x 56.3 cm  /  36 x 36.75 " aquatint Ed. 21/50; #2

Portfolio of 7 aquatints
1973
68.4 x 56.3 cm  /  36 x 36.75 "
aquatint
Ed. 21/50; #2

Robert Mangold / Portfolio of 7 aquatints  1973  68.4 x 56.3 cm  /  36 x 36.75 " aquatint Ed. 21/50; #3

Portfolio of 7 aquatints
1973
68.4 x 56.3 cm  /  36 x 36.75 "
aquatint
Ed. 21/50; #3

Robert Mangold / Portfolio of 7 aquatints  1973  68.4 x 56.3 cm  /  36 x 36.75 " aquatint Ed. 21/50; #5

Portfolio of 7 aquatints
1973
68.4 x 56.3 cm  /  36 x 36.75 "
aquatint
Ed. 21/50; #5

Robert Mangold / Portfolio of 7 aquatints  1973  68.4 x 56.3 cm  /  36 x 36.75 " aquatint Ed. 21/50; #6

Portfolio of 7 aquatints
1973
68.4 x 56.3 cm  /  36 x 36.75 "
aquatint
Ed. 21/50; #6

Robert Mangold / Portfolio of 7 aquatints  1973  68.4 x 56.3 cm  /  36 x 36.75 " aquatint Ed. 21/50; #7

Portfolio of 7 aquatints
1973
68.4 x 56.3 cm  /  36 x 36.75 "
aquatint
Ed. 21/50; #7

Robert Mangold / Attic Series XVI, Study  1991  121.9 x 121.9 cm  /  48 x 48 " acrylic and black pencil on canvas

Attic Series XVI, Study
1991
121.9 x 121.9 cm  /  48 x 48 "
acrylic and black pencil on canvas

Robert Mangold / Two Triangles Within a Square #3  1975  122 x 122 cm  /  48 x 48 " acrylic, graphite and wax crayon on canvas

Two Triangles Within a Square #3
1975
122 x 122 cm  /  48 x 48 "
acrylic, graphite and wax crayon on canvas

Robert Mangold / Distorted Square / Circle II  1973  91 x 92 cm  /  36 x 36.75 " acrylic and pencil on canvas

Distorted Square / Circle II
1973
91 x 92 cm  /  36 x 36.75 "
acrylic and pencil on canvas

Robert Mangold / Distorted circle within a yellow square  1972  35.6 x 28 cm  /  14 x 11 " acrylic on paper

Distorted circle within a yellow square
1972
35.6 x 28 cm  /  14 x 11 "
acrylic on paper

Robert Mangold / Distorted circle within a orange square  1972  35.6 x 28 cm  /  14 x 11 " acrylic on paper

Distorted circle within a orange square
1972
35.6 x 28 cm  /  14 x 11 "
acrylic on paper

Robert Mangold / Distorted circle within a green square  1972  35.6 x 28 cm  /  14 x 11 " acrylic on paper

Distorted circle within a green square
1972
35.6 x 28 cm  /  14 x 11 "
acrylic on paper